Your guide to bonsai fruit trees!
Welcome to our guide on growing bonsai fruit trees!
don you have a fruit tree you would like to bonsai? Maybe you're looking to buy a bonsai fruit tree?
Whatever the case, we can help!
Bonsai is the art of dwarfing specific trees, keeping trunks, branches and foliage from exploding skywards. fruiting bonsai are no different. How would you like to have a dwarf fruit tree that provides you with little fruit during Spring?
Most fruit trees are outdoor species of bonsai, with the exception of the Cherry tree, which can be grown indoors.
Now, lets look at some adaptable fruit species that you can easily bonsai.......
• Crab Apple
• Orange tree (all-rounder)
• Cherry tree (sub-tropical)
• Blueberry tree (colder climates)
• Fig tree (all rounder, prefers sun)
• Black Olive tree (dry climates)
• Quince (all-rounder)
The above trees make great bonsai and are very easy to grow and care for, from both cuttings or seed!
For the most part, growing bonsai fruit trees utilises the same principles as any other tree. As you would have read in our care guides and 'how to' guides, there are some basic concepts you must learn in order to successfully grow and care for fruit trees.
Firstly, it is imperative to know the species of tree you are working with. It is integral that you understand it's native and natural climatic requirements and adjust your care techniques accordingly. For example, if you decide to grow a cherry tree, you will have to keep the soil moisture at a higher level than a black olive.
With bonsai fruit trees, you must water the soil, not the foliage. This prevents damage to the leaves and buds from damage through sunburn etc.
You should use a basic bonsai soil mix. Most fruit trees enjoy good drainage (like most bonsai) and regular watering (daily). Never allow your pot to become waterlogged in rain, or by sitting in drip trays.
The primary focus when working with bonsai fruit trees, is to facilitate fruit growth, why else would you choose a fruit tree? This requires a little more Spring maintenance than normal bonsai, as you need to ensure the tree has enough strength and nutrition to provide fruit.
Most fruit trees will benefit from regular feeding throughout Spring. Make sure you are using a low-nitrogen liquid feed weekly throughout Spring and pay careful attention as fruit begins to grow. When the fruit is half-formed, stop feeding your tree and always watch for pests and diseases on the fruit and foliage.
If your fruit tree is bursting forth with a heavy amount of fruit, be sure to remove around half of it to avoid weakening. Too much fruit will weigh down branches or over-absorb nutrients; both can kill a fruit tree!
In Winter, it is necessary to protect your tree from frosts and ice. Icy-cold conditions are very harmful to fruit trees and will hinder fruit growth later on. This is also true in early Spring in some climates, where open skies lead to frosty mornings, even if warm throughout the day! The same goes throughout Summer where you should avoid lengthy periods of time in full sunlight.
Bonsai fruit trees can be shaped to your liking, but try to envision how you want the fruit to hang when displayed. With trees such as the Crab Apple, you will benefit from having an informal upright style with a wide spread of branches. This will increase your chances of an even spread of fruit over the branches, rather than straight up and down the trunk!
Leave bonsai fruit trees guide and head back to Bonsai Care 2!