Taking care of Bonsai trees is fulfilling, and easy!
So, are you taking care of Bonsai trees or are you are thinking of getting one?
Good news! With a basic understanding, like others, you will be able to display yours proudly for your friends to admire!
To ensure success with Bonsai, read on…..
One of the most important things to consider when taking care of Bonsai trees, is the root system.
Root growth and health of your Bonsai tree, or any plant, rely on some common things.
Oxygen in soil exists in the air between the soil particles. Without properly aerated soil. roots will only grow near the surface of the soil, or not at all.
Roots cannot separate oxygen from the water in the soil; they rely purely on a supply of air.
TIP – To ensure correct soil aeration include a minimum of 25% potting grit (Grit is basically small crushed pieces of stone) in your soil mix (eg. 75% soil, 25% grit). A common grit is 3-4mm.
For more on soil click here!
Obviously water is incredibly important to help feed your Bonsai tree. Ensure you have one or more drainage holes and that water moves freely.
TIP - Drought kills Bonsai, Overwatering kills Bonsai!
If you want more information on Bonsai watering click here!
when taking care of Bonsai trees, it is handy to understand PH preferences and perform tests. As a guide/reminder, a PH reading of 1 is said to be acidic, whilst a PH reading of 8 is said to be alkaline.
TIP – Try to keep the soil PH between 4.0 and 6.5; most trees are happy within this range.
There are a few exceptions where alkaline or acidic soil is preferable but just ensure to research the requirements of your tree before you start!
SUN AND SHADE
As you would already be well aware of, trees will not grow without sunlight.
Sunlight is vital in the process of photosynthesis (the process by which trees and plants feed themselves using sunlight and oxygen) and provides trees with the energy required to grow.
If a tree absorbs too much sunlight, this would undoubtedly mean the area surrounding is desert and will provide no water for the plant to absorb.
If you live in a dry, arid environment, or a dark, sunless one, you will have to consider the sun and shade needs of your chosen plant. Check our list of Bonsai trees to see where yours fits!
You will probably know that plants and trees have growing seasons. In seasons of growth there are certain things you must do to ensure the tree's survival.
Winter requires care and protection from the elements, Spring requires maintenance, summer needs more watering and autumn vigilance for pests/disease.
For more on seasonal care click here!
PESTS AND DISEASE
In taking care of Bonsai trees, you must prevent disease and pest infestation. avoid extremes!.
By this we mean avoiding the higher and lower ends of you climatic weather conditions.
Ensure you check your tree regularly for signs of sickness or pesky bugs!
PRUNING AND PINCHING
The art of Bonsai relies on pruning, much like a rosebush.
In order for your trees to grow to 'full' size in a small pot, they will need to be pruned back at the branches.
Pinching also aids the process of growth, this method involves the 'pinching' of new buds and shoots with your finger, removing them to stunt growth.
Taking care of Bonsai trees and want to learn how to prune? Click here!!!
The wiring of a bonsai tree is in itself an art. The careful placement of wire to help manipulate a tree's branches through growing seasons will reflect your Bonsai personality.
Bonsai artists wire individual branches to gradually 'tease' the look they want into the tree.
Click here to learn how to wire your tree!
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